Original Article from Harvard Health Blog.
Here are 10 tips for more mindful eating. Not all of these tips may feel right for you — try a few and see how they work.
Before you begin eating, take a moment to reflect upon how you feel. Are you rushed? Stressed? Sad? Bored? Hungry? What are your wants, and what are your needs? Differentiate between the two. After you have taken this moment to reflect, then you can choose if you want to eat, what you want to eat, and how you want to eat.
2. Sit down.
Don’t eat on the go. Have a seat. You’re less likely to appreciate your food when you are multi-tasking. It’s also difficult to keep track of how much you are eating when you snack on the go.
3. Turn off the TV (and everything else with a screen).
Have you ever glanced down from your phone or tablet or computer, only to wonder where all the food went? These distractions make us less aware of what and how much we are eating.
4. Serve out your portions.
Resist eating straight from the bag or the box. Not only is it easier to overeat when you can’t see how much you’ve had, but it is also harder to fully appreciate your food when it is hidden from view.
5. Pick the smaller plate.
You might crave less if you see less. Smaller plates will help you with your portion control — an especially good strategy for those all-you-can-eat buffets.
6. Give gratitude.
Before you start to eat, pause and take a moment to acknowledge the labor that went into providing your meal — be it thanks to the farmers, the factory workers, the animals, mother Earth, the chefs, or even your companions at the table.
7. Chew 30 times.
Try to get 30 chews out of each bite. (30 is a rough guide, as it might be difficult to get even 10 chews out of a mouthful of oatmeal!) Take time to enjoy the flavors and textures in your mouth before you swallow. This may also help prevent overeating by giving your gut time to send messages to the brain to say you’re full.
8. Put down your utensil.
Often, we are already preparing the next morsel with our fork and knife while we are still on our previous bite. Try putting down your utensils after each bite, and don’t pick them back up until you have enjoyed and swallowed what you already have in your mouth.
9. Resign from the Clean Plate Club.
Many of us were brought up to finish everything on our plate and were not allowed to leave the table until we did. It’s okay to cancel your membership to the Clean Plate Club. Consider packing the leftovers to go, or just leaving the last few bites. Even though nobody likes to waste food, overstuffing yourself won’t help those in need. (This is also where Tip #5 comes in handy.)
Try eating your meals in silence once in a while. When it’s quiet, it is natural for the mind to wander; acknowledge these thoughts, and then see if you can gently return to your experience of eating. Be conscious of the food’s consistency, flavor, tastes, and smells, and fully appreciate the moment. Of course, mealtime can be an important time for sharing the day when the whole household gathers, so having an entire meal in silence might be impractical or just feel awkward. But even spending the first five to 10 minutes in silence can be refreshing and set a grateful tone for the rest of the meal.
Almost half of over-65s in England are taking at least five different drugs a day, a Cambridge University study has found.
The figure has risen from just 12 per cent 20 years ago, while the proportion taking no pills at all dropped from around 20 per cent in the late 1990s to just seven per cent today.
Researchers tracked more than 15,000 older people who took part in two long-term health studies which began in the 1990s.
Some of those who took part in the long-term investigation said they were on up to 23 tablets every day.
Researchers expressed concern at the increasing dependence on prescription and over-the-counter medicines - known as 'polypharmacy'.
Studies show polypharmacy can increase the dangers of interactions between different drugs and the risk of frailty in older patients.
It's feared many patients are left on medications long-term without thorough or regular GP reviews.
Volunteers in the study were asked to record their regular medication use, including drugs prescribed by doctors and those they bought over-the-counter, such as painkillers, vitamins and minerals.
The results, in the journal Age and Ageing, showed the proportion taking five or more different drugs a day jumped from 12 per cent to 47 per cent.
But the numbers needing no medicines at all nearly halved.
Heart disease pills, such as statins, accounted for nearly half the medicines taken.
Researchers said increased drug use partly reflected better diagnosis and treatment of potentially deadly conditions.
But they also voiced concerns that some patients may not need all the drugs they are on and were potentially at increased risk of death.
Researcher Dr Carol Brayne said: "We know that polypharmacy is associated with higher mortality and that the evidence for combination therapies on the scale that we have seen them in the older population is not good."
She said the findings highlighted the need for robust evidence on the benefits and harms of taking pills in bulk.
A 2015 study in Spain found those taking six medicines or more a day were nearly three times as likely to die prematurely than those on no drugs at all.
Even taking up to five a day increased the dangers by an estimated 47 per cent, researchers warned.
Via The Telegraph
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